From the very beginning, there is an abundant amount of evidence on multiple organ damage in COVID-19 patients. COVID-19 complications mainly include renal, cardiac and pulmonary issues.
On Dec 07, 2020, research regarding Covid-19 complications issued in Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ). It was conducted by William Murk, Monica Gierada, Michael Fralick, Andrew Weckstein, Reyna Klesh and Jeremy A. Rassen.
The research used de-identified United States medical claims from HealthVerity’ Marketplace Data set. In the respective research, they studied COVID-19 patients for 2 months i.e from March 1 to April 30 through exposure crossover design.
Organ Damage Rate
Among 70,288 patients 27.6% showed pneumonia and 22.6% respiratory issues. Apart from the respiratory illness which is the commonly seen complication in COVID-19 several other issues were observed. Those include renal failures, myocarditis, sepsis and intravascular coagulation.
Among other organs apart from the lungs kidneys seem to be the most affected one. As in the research, it stated that among 70,288 COVID-19 positive patients 11.8% manifest Acute Renal Failure. The occurrence of myocarditis was relevantly low as compared to kidneys as it observed in only 0.1% of patients. The percentage for sepsis was quite high as it found in 10.3% of COVID patients.
Inpatient and Outpatient Statistics
When it comes to the hospitalization, 53.4% of them needed hospitalization and 4.7% admitted in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Hence, 46.6% were isolating themselves at their places. The average age of these patients was 65 years and 55.8% were women. Elders were more prone to manifest complications as compared to youngsters.
While interpreting the COVID-19 dilemmas, they have mentioned that the disease has been associated, with a broad range of complications. The common one includes pneumonia, respiratory failure, acute renal failure and sepsis. Whereas, the less common one are pneumothorax, intravascular coagulation, myocarditis and rhabdomyolysis.
Several other neurological symptoms are also a part of COVID-19 complications. These may include cerebral haemorrhage, strokes, vascular and metabolic problems.
While stating the conclusion, the scientist summarized the research in these golden words.
“The most common complications associated with COVID19 among patients seeking medical care include pneumonia, respiratory failure, kidney failure, and sepsis or systemic inflammation. After analyzing all possible diagnosis codes, we confirm that COVID-19 is also associated with a diverse array of additional cardiac, thrombotic and other conditions, although the overall risks for most of these complications are comparatively low.”
To amass more information regarding the complications that COVID manifests you can check the published research on CMAJ. The document is holding every tiny piece of information from study design to senstivity analysis authors have penned down everything esthetically.