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How To Control Uric Acid Through Diet

uric acid

The human body produces several waste products that are naturally removed from the body. Uric Acid is one of them. It is released in the body when purines are broken down. The human body dissolves most of the uric acid in the blood. The kidneys filter it out, and then it is excreted through urine. In this blog, we are discussing how we can control uric acid through diet.

Foods with high purine content increase uric acid levels in the body. These foods include:

  • Red meat,
  • Seafood such as sardines, lobster, shrimp, and salmon,
  • Organ meats such as liver,
  • Drinks and beverages with alcohol and High fructose syrup

Increased uric acid levels result in Hyperuricemia. This is a condition in which uric acid crystallizes to form urate crystals in the body, especially joints. This can turn into gout, which is another type of arthritis and can result in severe pain. Moreover, the uric acid crystals can even cause kidney stones by settling in the kidneys.

If not treated in time, increased uric acid levels can eventually result in heart disease, kidney disease, permanent tissue, joint, and bone damage. According to research, a link was found between High levels of uric acid and fatty liver, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes.

Causes of Increased Levels of Uric Acid

The exact cause of increased levels of uric acid is not fully determined. However, both environmental and genetic factors, including health and diet, play a role. So, the factors listed below contribute to the increased risk of high uric acid levels.

  • Using diuretics,
  • A diet with high purine content,
  • Diabetes,
  • Hypertension,
  • Being male,
  • Consuming alcohol,
  • Metabolic syndrome.

Medical Conditions That Can Result In High Levels Of Uric Acid

Some medical treatments and conditions are associated with increased uric acids, such as kidney disease, gout, and cancer treatment.

Kidney disease

The kidneys are natural body filters that filter the waste present in the blood. Uric acid is one such waste product. Due to kidney disease, the functionality of the kidneys is affected. Hence, this can result in the accumulation of waste products, including uric acid, in the blood.

Gout

This disease is another form of arthritis. Its symptoms are not constant and often affect a single joint. For instance, people with gout experience discoloration, swelling, and pain in tissues and joints, mostly the knees, ankles, and toe joints.

Cancer treatment

Purines are released from cells when they die. When these purines break down, they release uric acid. Some treatments used to cure cancer, including chemotherapy, may cause the death of cells in the body. So, people undergoing these treatments are often tested for high uric acid levels as part of their medical care.

Symptoms of High Uric Acid Levels

A person does not always experience high uric acid levels symptoms until they exceeded the upper limit for some time. This can result in health issues.

Some symptoms of gout caused by high uric acid levels are listed here.

  • Discolored and shiny skin around joints,
  • Warm feeling joints,
  • Swollen or painful joints.

Some symptoms of kidney stones caused by increased levels of uric acid are listed here.

  • Vomiting or nausea,
  • Urine that contains blood, has an unusual smell, or is cloudy,
  • Increased need to urinate,
  • Side pains,
  • Back pains

Moreover, It is less common for people to have low levels of uric acid. But individuals who have low uric acid levels also need to urinate more often than usual, which can lead to dehydration if they are not consuming enough water.

Diagnosis of High Uric Acid Levels

A health professional may suggest taking a urine and blood test to measure the level of creatinine, through which uric acid levels and kidney function can be determined.

A blood sample is usually taken from the veins appearing on the top of the hand or the inner side of the elbow. The body excretes uric acid via urine. If Blood uric acid levels are high, then a doctor suggests urine collection for the whole day.

The person is then told to take a purine-free diet, and the urine tests are repeated. Furthermore, this helps determine whether a person has a High purine diet or is the body making more uric acid than needed, or it is not excreting enough of it.

If a person is experiencing gout symptoms, then the fluid buildup in the joints is tested. The fluid is drawn from the joint using a fine needle. It will then be tested to check the presence of urate crystals. Their presence is an indicator of gout.

Managing and Preventing Uric Acid

A long-term disease management program can be used to manage high levels of uric acid and joint pain. Health care professionals can prescribe medications to dissolve the uric acid crystal. In some cases, urate-lowering therapies are needed, paired with medications to dissolve uric acid crystals and prevent gout pains.

High uric acid levels can also be controlled by losing weight and controlling and managing the diet by limiting foods that increase uric acid levels, such as fish, red meat, organ meat, fructose syrups, and alcohol.

Foods to Reduce Uric Acid Levels

A healthy diet and proper physical activity are the ultimate ways to a better and healthy life. Therefore, improving and managing the food choices according to need can help treat many diseases, including uric acid. Here is a list of ten foods that can help reduce uric acid levels in the body.

Green Tea

Green tea has an antioxidant protein named catechin, which helps to slow down the formation of enzymes related to uric acid production. It controls the uric acid level in the body, hence lowering the chances of developing gout in a person. Not just that, green tea is a healthy tea and is good for a person.

Apple Cider Vinegar

It is known to benefit health in various ways.  Controlling uric acid levels in the body is one of them. In addition, a person can have a glass of water with three spoons of vinegar added to it thrice a day to get an effective result.

Vitamin C Rich Foods

Vitamin C-rich foods help to control uric acid levels in the body. All the citrus fruits, oranges, and limes, along with bell peppers, guava, and Brussel sprouts, are good sources of vitamin C.

High Fiber Foods

Adding high-fiber food to the diet can help control increased uric acid levels. These foods help to absorb blood uric acid and also eliminate the excess amount from the body. Oranges, apples, blueberries, cucumbers, celery, peas, pumpkin, broccoli, whole grains, oats, leafy green vegetables, etc., are good examples of fibrous foods. The dietary fibers present in these foods aid in absorbing and eliminating uric acid.

Cherries

A substance called Anthocyanins is found in cherries. It is anti-inflammatory and helps to control uric acids. Cherries can also prevent the accumulation of uric acid and the formation of crystals.

Fresh Vegetable Juices

A person can drink juice made from beetroot, cucumber, and carrot to control rising levels of uric acid. It is an effective remedy to normalize increased levels of uric acid.

Low-fat Dairy Products

Consuming low-fat products such as skimmed milk and soy milk can prevent an increase in uric acid levels.

Olive Oil

This oil comprises anti-inflammatory properties and antioxidants that can help to control uric acid levels in the blood.

Omega-3 Fatty Acid Rich Foods

A high level of uric acid causes swelling and inflammation in joints. It can be reduced by adding omega-3 rich foods to the diet, such as walnuts, flax seeds, and salmon.

Water

Water regulates the level of uric acid throughout the body. It also helps the body eliminate harmful chemicals present in the body, including uric acid. Therefore, drinking the required amount of water is essential for a person, and it helps the body to function properly.

Foods To Avoid During Increased Levels Of Uric Acid

Food items that contain moderate to high purine content must be avoided. These foods include:

  • Herring,
  • Sardines,
  • Anchovies,
  • Haddock,
  • Trout,
  • Shellfish,
  • Organ meats,
  • Veal,
  • Turkey,
  • Bacon,
  • Alcohol.

A person with gout should also limit the intake of these foods. Steroids and NSAIDs can improve inflammation and gout pain. Moreover, they are prescribed to treat acute gout flare in people. Listed below are some steps that can also help prevent gout.

  • Doing low impact and gentle exercises to protect the joints, including swimming, to bicycle, and walking,
  • Maintaining a healthy weight,
  • Avoiding alcohol.

A person with gout often needs to have a uric acid test done every six months. Maintaining a balanced level of uric acid can reduce complications caused by gout. It can also decrease joint damage and pain.

Conclusion

To conclude, several waste products produced by the body are eventually removed or excreted out, such as uric acid. Build up of uric acid can cause damage to the tissues and joints. So, if increased levels of uric acid are left untreated, it can result in other health problems.

Lastly, a person with gout needs to maintain a healthy uric acid level, meaning it should be with the normal range. This can help to reduce its symptoms and lower the chances of a gout flare.

Written by HealthRadar360

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