In the current pandemic of coronavirus, heart diseases are even more catastrophic. The symptoms of heart diseases are closely associated with coronavirus disease. Therefore, it is even more crucial to get the risk factors of these diseases out of your system. One of those ways is by opting for a plant-based diet.
Recently, two studies were conducted regarding the cardiovascular health of individuals who integrated a plant-based diet into their eating habits. One analysis had participants for 32 years, which concluded that people with plant-based food are more likely to resist heart diseases.
Another study prioritized women’s health, determining that a woman in a postmenopausal condition with adequate plant-based food is also more likely to overcome heart diseases. Integrating innovative food into your dieting plans is something that medical experts usually recommend.
If you eat natural food instead of processed food products, you will have a handful of health benefits. The two studies have looked into the individuals for more than a decade and studied their medication and health trends.
In this article, we will be sharing the details of those studies, the nutritional recommendations, and what we can expect from a diet enriched with plant-based food.
Many people believe that a plant-based foot is vegetarian, an eating plan in which a family or an individual refrains from some or all of the food products associated with animals.
However, a plant-based diet doesn’t entirely refrain from animal food. It is just that this diet prioritizes grains, fruits, vegetables, and legumes more than meat. In addition, there is a limited amount of fish and dairy products as part of the eating plan.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has given dietary guidelines for over a century. Even though the policies have evolved with time, the USDA has always focused on the eating habits that offer beneficial nutrients for your health.
According to the USDA, an individual’s dietary plan must consist of the following:
Depending upon the 2,000 calorie diet, the USDA recommends an individual to have two cups of fruits, two and a half cups of vegetables, six oz of grains, five and a half oz of proteins, and three cups of dairy. This suggestion also means that people should balance their protein intake and go for those meals that do not have meat.
The Diet Study
The first innovative analysis referred to as “Plant-based diet and the risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease during a young and middle age” was seen in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
The analysts in this study of plant-based diet looked into approximately 5,000 young individuals aged 18-30 years when the study commenced. The research was ongoing for over three decades.
When the analysis commenced, none of the participating individuals had any heart issues. However, once the research progressed, the individuals tended to have check-ups. The doctors gave evaluations regarding the individual’s health, held talks about their eating habits, and recommended an appropriate diet quality score. The diet quality score combined different dietary equipment that would enable the participants to have a perfect diet.
After this analysis, nearly 300 participants had cardiovascular diseases. Furthermore, after studying numerous factors, such as race, gender, and educational details, the researchers concluded that the participants have the best plant-based diets and an adequate diet quality score was 52% unlikely to build heart issues compared to those who eat fewer plant-based foods.
Research from Dr. Yuni Choi and Kristin Kirkpatrick
Dr. Yuni Choi, one of the analysts of the young-aged study, claims, “A healthy and appropriate plant-centered diet brings many benefits to your heart health. A plant-centered diet doesn’t need to be vegetarian”. Apart from being an analyst of this study, Dr. Yuni Chinoi is an analyst at the University of Minnesota School of Public Health in Minneapolis.
He further explained, “Individuals can opt for a plant food that is close to being natural and not much processed. However, we believe that people can include meat in their eating plans from time to time, such as unfried fish, boiled eggs, and low-fat dairy”.
Kristin Kirkpatrick, a nutritionist and a founder of KAK Consulting, explained to Medical News Today about this analysis. Mr. Kirkpatrick also has a master’s degree in health management.
“The statistical data given in this analysis is corresponding with the earlier studies on plant-based diets, endurance, and the metabolic condition,” states Kirkpatrick.
“The findings do not surprise me. Moreover, we can also say that it is never too late to undergo a study regarding plant-based diets or foods,” she explained.
The Postmenopausal stage in women’s study
Another study appeared in the Journal of the American Heart Association. It is referred to as “A link between plant-centered dietary portfolio and the risk factors surrounding a cardiovascular disease: Discoveries from the Women’s Health Initiative prospective cohort study.”
This analysis was about the postmenopausal stage of a woman’s life, aging between 50-79 years—the participating individuals registered between 1993 and 1998, whereas the researchers completed the study in 2017.
The individuals got asked questions about their eating habits. Consequently, the analysts used the answers from those individuals to look into their diet score and its resemblance with the Portfolio diet.
The analysts wanted to determine whether the participants, who were following the Portfolio diet to minimize the levels of low-density lipoprotein or a poor cholesterol level, underwent fewer health issues consistently.
The participants, who were following the portfolio diet, used to consume more plant-centered food, such as legumes, beans, berries, etc. The analysts concluded that, in comparison to those participants who were consuming less plant-centered food, the people who consumed more plant-based food had the following conditions:
- 11% unlikely to build cardiovascular diseases
- 14% unlikely to build coronary heart diseases
- 17% unlikely to have heart failures
Statement from Andrea J. Glenn
Andrea J. Glenn, the leading author of this study, claims, “We also were able to find a dose-response in our analysis. It means that you can start to smell, include one food product of the Portfolio diet at a time, and achieve more cardiovascular benefits as you continue to add the food products to your eating habits”.
Andrea J. Glenn is also a doctoral student at St. Michael’s Hospital in Toronto, and the University of Toronto, Canada. You must understand that more than 80% of the women health program individuals have white skin, above 60% have completed a college-level study, and above 60% have a married status. These findings may make it complex to compare with other populations.
What to expect in the future?
Dr. David J. A. Jenkins, one of the leading authors of the mentioned studies, spoke to Medical News Today about the findings from these studies. He is a faculty physician at the Division of Metabolism and Endocrinology at St. Michael’s Hospital in Toronto and a highly qualified professor in the Departments of Nutritional and Medicine Sciences at the University of Toronto.
Dr. Jenkins stated that the current studies had created a base for them to undergo further investigations. Further studies will enable them to find out how these findings are associated with men.
He further explained that they are “willing to see whether the researchers can repeat the findings in other sectors. Moreover, we have built a massive evaluation to look into the cardiovascular results”.
It remains to be seen how the evaluation looks into the cardiovascular results within the participants. Therefore, it may take a while to look into the outcomes of further studies conducted by these analysts.
If you are undergoing a plant-based diet, you must know that it is a massive part of your eating habits. Innovative diets are always the priority of medical experts and nutritionists around the world. To understand more about this diet, two studies were conducted by a group of analysts from Canada.
Firstly, a study conducted by Dr. Yuni Choi and Kristin Kirkpatrick had participants aged 18-30 years. Dr. Choi believed that plant-based food minimized the risks of cardiovascular diseases. This is because people must consume plant foods that are more natural than processed. Moreover, people can also integrate meat as part of their eating plan from time to time. Therefore, the researchers claimed that the participants consuming more plant-based food are more likely to resist heart diseases.
Secondly, there was a study associated with the postmenopausal stage of women’s life. Andrea J. Glenn conducted this study. She concluded that the women who consumed more plant-based food are less likely to have cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, and heart failure experience.
Despite its registration getting completed in 1998, the researchers did not complete it until 2017. Therefore, there were numerous questions asked about the participants’ diet and their physical conditions. The researchers used their information to look into their diet score and compared it with the portfolio diet.
We can expect further developments regarding these studies. Dr. David J. A. Jenkins spoke with Medical News Today, where he explained that the ongoing studies are not enough to give complete answers regarding plant-based diets. However, there will be further studies to examine how these outcomes look like in men.